First Hydrogen Refueling Station Opens in Shanghai
The Anting Hydrogen refueling station, located at the International Automotive City in Anting, Shanghai, will dispense compressed gaseous hydrogen for a fleet of fuel cell cars and buses operating in the Shanghai region.
The Shanghai government has already helped to deliver dozens of fuel cell vehicles operating in Shanghai, and this is planned to grow exponentially by 2010, including fuel cell buses sponsored by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) through the United Nations Development Programme.
Tongji University is responsible for the development and operation of the new hydrogen station, with Shell contributing technical advice and part of the funding. The station also features an information centre on the hydrogen economy.
Officiating at the launch event, Wan Gang, Minister of Science and Technology Commission, said: "CO2 and climate change is a global issue and China takes it very seriously. Our policies to push for energy conservation and the application of advanced technologies for clean and renewable energy solutions go hand in hand. I am pleased that this Tongji-Shell partnership has kicked off China's adoption of the clean and renewable hydrogen fuel. I hope that this cooperation will continue and be a stronger force in helping improve Shanghai's air quality."
With China now the second largest automotive market overtaking Japan, car ownership predicted to increase three fold in the next ten years, and demand for energy expected to more than double in the next two decades, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCV) are set to play an important part in China's growing energy and mobility needs.
Tail pipe emissions from hydrogen FCV vehicles produce virtually zero carbon emissions, and have the potential to significantly improve local air quality.
Groundbreaking approaches to produce 'green hydrogen', manufactured from renewable energy sources, such as bioethanol (derived from biomass) and solar energy are also being researched for the future. In these cases total 'well-to-wheel' emissions can near zero.
Hydrogen can also be produced from a number of different feedstocks including oil, coal and biomass. This allows different countries to manufacture hydrogen with their own domestic supplies, and at the same time reduce costs and increase security of supply.
Duncan Macleod, Vice President for Shell Hydrogen
, also at the Shanghai launch event, said: "The Shanghai government and Tongji University are leading the way in clean fuels for Shanghai, and we are proud to be playing a part, as the chosen technical partner for this project, as well as in other clean fuels. Through this project, we can share know-how with our partners to help China to advance its capabilities to implement hydrogen as part of its energy system."
Yu Zhuoping, dean of School of Automotive Studies, Tongji University
, said: "The opening of the hydrogen station marks an important milestone in the infrastructure development for future clean energy cars. We are pleased that the project has been endorsed by China's Ministry of Science and Technology and look forward to a long-term partnership with Shell."
The Anting Hydrogen refueling station has been delivered under the auspices of the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology's "863 Program". Named after the date in which it was created (i.e. March 1986), the programme aims to stimulate the development of advanced technologies in a wide range of fields. This includes the demonstration and commercialisation of hybrid-electric drive and fuel cell vehicles.
Completion of the Anting Hydrogen refueling station also follows a pre-feasibility study by Tongji University and Shell that recommended setting up a small network of hydrogen stations in Shanghai to support the introduction of fuel cell cars.
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